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  • Writer's pictureMirka

What Is ADHD? Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adults

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects millions of individuals worldwide. To comprehend ADHD fully, it's crucial to explore its three core symptom categories: inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. These symptoms, often presenting in varying degrees, can significantly impact an individual's daily life, including their academic, professional, and personal experiences.


Inattentiveness:

  1. Trouble Concentrating: Individuals with ADHD often struggle to sustain their attention on tasks, making it challenging to complete them efficiently.

  2. Problems Focusing Attention: They may find it difficult to focus on a single task or conversation, frequently becoming distracted by external stimuli.

  3. Issues Staying on Task: Staying engaged in a task or activity for an extended period can be challenging, leading to incomplete projects.

  4. Absent-mindedness: Forgetfulness and absent-mindedness are common. Everyday items like keys or phones might be misplaced frequently.

  5. May Miss Important Details: A tendency to overlook important details can lead to misunderstandings or errors in tasks and communication.

  6. Might Lose Things Easily: Items like homework, keys, or personal belongings may be misplaced or lost more often than usual.


Hyperactivity:

  1. Can't Sit Still: Hyperactivity is a hallmark symptom. Individuals with ADHD may struggle to sit still, especially in situations that require extended periods of focus.

  2. Fidgets Lots: Restlessness often leads to fidgeting, such as tapping feet, playing with objects, or constantly shifting in their seat.

  3. Easily Bored: A quick sense of boredom can lead to restlessness and a desire for novelty or stimulation.

  4. Restlessness: A sense of inner restlessness may manifest as a need to move around, even in situations where it's socially inappropriate.

  5. Disruptiveness: Hyperactivity can make it challenging to adhere to social norms, leading to disruptive behaviors in class or social settings.

  6. Plays Rough: Physical play might be more robust and energetic than typical for age or situation.

  7. Likes to Run & Jump Around: A strong inclination to engage in physical activities like running, jumping, or climbing may be evident.

  8. Cognitive hyperactivity: It can present as racing thoughts or a constant stream of ideas and associations that can be challenging to control.


Impulsiveness:

  1. Struggles to Wait: Difficulty delaying gratification or waiting for one's turn can lead to impulsive behaviors.

  2. Interrupts Regularly: Impulsivity may manifest as frequently interrupting others during conversations or activities.

  3. Does Things Without Permission: Impulsive actions might include taking risks or engaging in activities without seeking approval or considering consequences.

  4. Pushes and Grabs Things: A tendency to act without thinking can result in grabbing or pushing objects or people in the environment.

  5. Takes Things That Aren't Theirs: Impulsiveness may lead to taking items that don't belong to them, often without realizing the implications.

  6. May Have Intense Emotional Responses: Emotional reactions, both positive and negative, can be intense and may not align with the situation's context.


Understanding ADHD's Impact on Executive Functions


ADHD not only encompasses these core symptoms but also impacts executive functions. These functions involve cognitive processes such as planning, organization, working memory, and self-regulation, all of which are crucial for daily life tasks.


Understanding the three core symptoms of ADHD—inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness—provides a foundation for comprehending the challenges individuals with ADHD face. Recognising the impact on executive functions underscores the importance of tailored support and effective strategies for those living with ADHD.


PS: By fostering awareness and compassion, we can create a more inclusive and supportive environment for individuals with ADHD to thrive.


Mirka





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